When it comes to issues of dermatology the biggest issue with teens and young adults is acne. Acne is a skin condition that occurs when hair follicles plug with oil, dirt and dead skin cells. Acne is evident with the presence of pimples, blackheads and blemish clusters.
There are many different types of acne ranging from the mild inflammatory kind characterized by a few white and blackheads to the more severe cystic acne. Cystic acne happens when infection goes deep into the skin, creating a red, tender bump that's full of pus. It may hurt or itch. If a cyst bursts, the infection can spread, causing more breakouts. It is important to see a dermatologist as early as possible to find out the right treatment to control acne breakouts and minimize scarring.
Some over the counter remedies may offer limited relief from some minor acne symptoms. Topical medications are usually recommended but these may cause skin irritation, redness or peeling due to the ingredients they contain. Consultation with a doctor may be required if these conditions do not cease. A lower dosage or the use of a different product may be indicated. Some skin care remedies must be used regularly over a period of time and it could take at least six weeks to notice a difference.
The drug your doctor recommends depends on the type and severity of your acne. It might be something you apply to your skin (topical medication) or take by mouth (oral medication). Often, drugs are used in combination. Pregnant women will not be able to use oral prescription medications for acne. Talk with your doctor about the risks and benefits of medications and other treatments you are considering.
Most studies of acne drugs have involved people 12 years of age or older. Increasingly, younger children are getting acne as well. In one study of 365 girls ages 9 to 10, 78 percent of them had acne lesions. If your child has acne, you may want to consult a pediatric dermatologist. Ask about drugs to avoid in children, appropriate doses, drug interactions, side effects, and how treatment may affect a child's growth and development.